With the great victory in the spring of 1975, the South was totally liberated, and the homeland became united. The Vietnamese nation from Dong Van to Ca Mau, from Truong Son mountain range to Spratley archipelagos, from the mainland to off-shore islands became in the main independent and unified. In September 1975 the 24th Conference of the Party Central Committee laid down the tasks of reunifying the country and bringing it to socialism.
National Independence, Unification and advance to socialism constitute the aims throughout the cause of the Vietnamese revolution, and the revolutionary path which was discovered by President Ho Chi Minh and chosen by our Party, people and nation in the extremely difficult struggle since the foundation of the Party in August 1945 Revolution as well as the revolutionary war of more than 30 years. The revolution is the lofty and beautiful ideal of our Party, people and army, inspiring all national groups in the great Vietnamese family to wage the protracted and arduous revolutionary struggle and war of resistance; the banner to gather all classes and strata within the country and win great international support and assistance. It serves as the aim and strong impetus that created every victory of the Vietnamese revolution. The banner of national independence had to be held high so as to bring together all Vietnamese patriots and all forces of national independence all over the world. It is in this sense that President Ho Chi Minh had once stated: �€œNothing is more precious than independence and freedom.�€� The national unification in close association with national independence constituted a major issue from the far past until our recent wars of resistance. There would be no national reunification without regaining independence and freedom for the Homeland. And without firm national unification, there would be no firm national independence and freedom. For Vietnam, independence and unification serve as the firm basis for building socialism. On the contrary, the successful building of socialism, the guarantee of a prosperous, happy life based on justice, social equality and mastership of the people together with gradual enhancement of all-round strength of the country would serve as a factor to firmly defend the national independence, reunification and integrity of the Homeland. The successful building of socialism in our country is the essence and sacred aim of the Vietnamese revolution, national liberation, social emancipation and liberation of men.
Deeply grasping the close association of national independence, national unification and socialism, our people carried out the national unification as soon as the South was liberated. From November 15-21, 1975 in Saigon �€“ Gia Dinh took place the political reconciliation conference on national reunification in terms of the State. The government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam and the Provisional Government of the Republic of South Vietnam decided the general election to the National Assembly of Vietnam. From June 24 to July 3, 1976 in Hanoi, the National Assembly of the unified Vietnam met, discussed and approved the political report and important resolutions: The country is named as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam; the national flag is on a red background with a five-pointed golden star in the middle; the national emblem is a round red background with a five-pointed golden star in the middle with rice ears circling around and half of a cog-wheel underneath with the title �€œThe Socialist Republic of Vietnam,�€� the capital is Hanoi; and the national anthem is the �€œMarching Song�€�. A commission for drafting Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam was set up. Saigon �€“ Gia Dinh city was officially named as Ho Chi Minh City.
To map out the line to socialism for the whole country after the reunification, the 3rd Party Central Committee decided to convene the 4th National Congress of the Party. The Congress was in session from December 14-20, 1976 in Hanoi. More than 1,000 delegates representing more than 1,550 thousand party members throughout the country participated in the Congress. The Congress was also attended by 25 foreign delegations representing communist and workers�€™ parties, national liberation movements and international organisations.
The 4th Party National Congress was a congress of complete victory for the cause of national liberation, a congress to bring the entire country to socialism. The Congress discussed and came to decisions on major issues of the country such as the line of the socialist revolution in Vietnam in the new stage; the direction, tasks and main targets of the five year plan (1976-1980); the line for the building of the Party to improve its leadership ability and fighting spirit in the new stage; the change of the Party�€™s name to the Communist Party of Vietnam. The Congress also approved the Regulation of the Party and elected the new Party Central Committee with Le Duan being in the position of General Secretary.
Nhan Dan - (08/04/2004)